School Vocabulary in Chinese – 75 Must Know Words
Thinking of coming to LTL to learn Chinese? Good for you! As a present, we are getting you ahead of the rest with our hugely useful set of Chinese school vocabulary.
Differentiate your pens from your pencils, students from your schoolbags and your chairs from your chalk!
To get started, let’s nail down the key stationery in Chinese with this useful video!
Chinese School Vocabulary – Key Words
Chinese School Vocabulary – Things We Need
Chinese School Vocabulary – Inside The Classroom
Chinese School Vocabulary – Grammar
Chinese School Vocabulary – Other Subjects
Chinese School Vocabulary – Going to University
Challenging yourself and your ability to learn Chinese is a great decision, but if you have never attended a Chinese-only class, our ultimate vocabulary for Chinese courses in China will help you to avoid getting lost during the first few days of class in China.
First of all, let’s learn some school objects and other school-related vocabulary words with examples to increase your school vocabulary in Chinese!
Chinese School Vocabulary: Key Words
So when we arrive at LTL, we head to the classroom – 在教室里
In the classroom we’ll no doubt come across the following.
- School – 学校 (n) – xuéxiào
- Classroom – 教室 (n) – jiàoshì
- Class – 课 (n) – kè
- Student – 学生 (n) – xuéshēng
- Teacher – 老师 (n) – lǎoshī
- Book – 书 (n) – shū
- Schoolbag – 书包 (n) – shūbāo
Time to start class (上课), so your teacher may well say…
请把你的书从书包里拿出来。Qǐng bǎ nǐ de shū cóng shūbāo lǐ ná chūlái.Please take your book out of your schoolbag.
- Textbook – 课本 (n) – kèběn
- Page – 页 (n) – yè
请打开书，看第十页。Please open your textbook to page ten.
Qǐng dǎkāi shū, kàn dì-shí yè.
Chinese School Vocabulary: Things we need
So, we are mid-class and taking in all the Mandarin our brain can handle, what do we need though?
- Paper – 纸 (n) – zhǐ
- School desk – 课桌 (n) – kèzhuō
- Chair – 椅子 (n) – yǐzi
- Pencil – 铅笔 (n) – qiānbǐ
- Blackboard – 黑板 (n) – hēibǎn
- Chalk – 粉笔 (n) – fénbǐ
- Whiteboard – 白板 (n) – báibǎn
- Pen – 笔 (n) – bǐ
- Notebook – 笔记本 (n) – bǐjìběn
- Pencil – 铅笔 (n) – qiānbǐ
- Eraser – 橡皮 (n) – xiàngpí
- Dictionary – 词典 (n) – cídiǎn
Maybe we’ll have to engage in one of the following!
- Composition / to write a composition – 作文 (n) / (v) – zuòwén
- Exercises – 练习 (v) liànxí
请到黑板前来做练习。Please come to the blackboard to do the exercises.
Qǐng dào hēibǎn qián lái zuò liànxí.
- To prepare a lesson – 预习 – yùxí
下次来上课之前请预习课文。Please preview the lessons before your next class
Xià cì lái shàngkè zhīqián qǐng yùxí kèwén.
Stationery in Chinese – What’s Inside your Pencil Case?
Stationery in Chinese – What’s Inside your Pencil Case? Coming to China to study? Or perhaps to start working at a Chinese company? Either way you’re going to need to learn how to talk about basic stationery in Chinese. Luckily…
And just in case that last bit didn’t quite go in, it’s time to review what we learnt.
To review – 复习 – fùxíLet’s review it first
Shǒuxiān ràng wǒmen fùxí yīxià – 首先让我们复习一下
Chinese School Vocabulary: Inside the Classroom
Certain words pop up a lot in LTL classrooms so let’s pick some of our teachers favourites so you know what’s going on before you’ve even began!
- Homework – 作业 (n) – zuòyè
- Dictation – 听写 (n) – tīngxiě
- Shorthand dictation (n) – 速记 – sùjì
- Question // problem – 问题 (n) – wèntí
请回答我的问题Please answer my question
Qǐng huídá wǒ de wèntí
- Quiz – 测验 (n) – cèyàn
- Exam – 考试 (n) kǎoshì
- Letter – 字母 (n) – zìmǔ
Chinese School Vocabulary: Grammar Terms in Chinese
During your Chinese courses in China, you might listen or read some grammar terms you never heard or saw before, this list provides a quick review of the basic Grammar terms in Chinese:
OK time to get formal, these are things we’ll be using every lesson without fail so it’s best we get them nailed down early because our teachers use these words A LOT!Ready, set… go!
- Noun – 名词 – míngcí
- Verb – 动词 – dòngcí
- Adjective – 形容词 – xíngróngcí
- Adverb – 副词 – fùcí
- Numeral – 数词 – shùcí
- Measure word – 量词 – liàngcí
- Pronoun – 代词 – dàicí
- Preposition – 介词 – jiècí
- Conjunction – 连词 – liáncí
- Particle – 助词 – zhùcí
- Interjection – 叹词 – tàncí
- Onomatopoeia – 象声词 – xiàngshēngcí
- Prefix – 前缀 – qiánzhuì
- Suffix – 后缀 – hòuzhuì
- Construction – 结构 – jiégòu
Chinese School Vocabulary: Other Subjects
Now of course when we go to school we’ve got to negotiate a number of subjects aside from Mandarin!
It wouldn’t be a comprehensive blog if we didn’t include these:
- Mathematics – 数学 shù xué
- Algebra – 代数学 dài shù xué
- Geometry – 几何学 jǐ hé xué
- Astronomy – 天文学 tiān wén xué
- Biology – 生物学 shēng wù xué
- Geography – 地理学 dì lǐ xué
- Geology – 地质学 dì zhì xué
- History – 历史学 lìshǐ xué
- Medicine – 医学 yī xué
- Law – 法学 fǎ xué
- Physics – 物理学 wù lǐ xué
- Chemistry – 化学 huà xué
- Philosophy – 哲学 zhé xué
- Psychology – 心理学 xīn lǐ xué
Complete Guide to Basic Chinese Grammar and Sentence Structures – Part 1
Basic Chinese Grammar and Sentence Structures In this blog post we’re going to introduce to you some basic Chinese grammar rules. We will talk about the following sentence patterns in Mandarin Chinese: Basic Chinese Grammar Point #1 – Subject +…
Chinese School Vocabulary: Going to Uni
Of course, when we leave school many of us decide to head to university.
Perhaps you are thinking of coming to university in China also?
If so you’ll find these useful:
- Academy – 学院 xué yuàn
- University – 大学 dà xué
- Faculty – 系 xì
- Student – 大学生 dà xué shēng
- Lecturer (teacher) – 讲师 jiǎng shī
- Lecture hall/room – 讲堂 jiǎng táng
- Graduate – 毕业生 bì yè shēng
- Diploma – 毕业证 bì yè zhèng
- Dissertation – 学位论文 xuéwèi lùnwén
- Study (report) – 研究报告 yán jiū bào gào
- Laboratory – 实验室 shí yàn shì
- Lecture – 讲课 jiǎng kè
- Course mate – 同学 tóng xué
- Scholarship – 奖学金 jiǎng xué jīn
- Academic degree – 学位 xué wèi
So, you’ve come to school before it’s even began, if you have come this far, well done, you’ll be one step ahead of the game before class has started!
Chinese School Vocabulary – FAQ’s
How do you say school in Chinese?
School in Chinese is 学校 – xuéxiào.
How do you say teacher in Chinese?
Teacher in Chinese is 老师 – lǎoshī.
How do you say book in Chinese?
Book in Chinese is 书 – shū.
How do you say exam in Chinese?
Exam in Chinese is 考试 – kǎoshì.
How do you say Geography in Chinese?
Geography in Chinese is 地理学 – dì lǐ xué
How do you say Maths in Chinese?
Maths in Chinese is 数学 – shù xué
How do you say Physics in Chinese?
Physics in Chinese is 物理学 – wù lǐ xué
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